The generation and expansion of biodiversity in production systems under agroecological management: the case of the São Francisco Plant.
More than three decades ago, São Francisco Plant initiated an ecological restoration processes of Permanent Protection Areas and other surrounding environments with sugarcane farmed areas in an organic production system, in addition to special attention dedicated to the preservation of remnants. The significant increase in biodiversity over the years was the result of the spatial emergence of flora and the complexity of the vegetation restored in the Permanent Protection Areas.
The results obtained by maintaining the regularity of the sampling effort, in which data collection and fauna monitoring campaigns were carried out throughout the year and over the years, confirm the effectiveness of the methods employed and very high specific richness; 340 species of wild vertebrates, as per the sugarcane production type system studied. Among them, 49 are under some risk or threat of extinction in the state of Sao Paulo (Decree number 60.133 / 2014 of the Sao Paulo State Secretariat for the Environment) and there are ecological indicators for natural resources quality offered under this standard of agricultural system.
It is safe to say that the expansion of biodiversity of wild fauna occurs through greater spatial and temporal stability of environments and predictability in the growing supply of available resources. The results indicate increasingly harmonious and conciliatory interactions between the conservation of wild fauna and production systems. Organic agricultural systems, under ecological management, are already contributing to Public Conservation Policies.