Between May 2006 and April 2007, Native conducted the greenhouse gas (GHG) emission inventory for the organic sugarcane fields of the São Francisco Sugarmill (UFRA). This was based on the international GHG Protocol model used to quantify emissions. The evaluation included everything from sugarcane farming and input consumption to the industrial sugar and ethanol production stage at the plant. Since part of these products is earmarked for the export market, also considered were the energy demands involved in transportation to the port of destination.The figures recorded for UFRA are below the average industry emissions values because of the organic production methods. When compared to production in Europe or Japan, from sugar beets, or in the USA, from corn and sugar beet, there are even more advantages. This is because of production methods that use energy produced by burning of fossil fuels, while at UFRA, the energy comes from burning sugarcane bagasse.